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Emergency Management

Important Information

How to Sign Up for ATHOC

At NSA Naples the ATHOC system is used for community notification of emergent events, disasters, and causes for caution. We highly recommend that anyone in the NSA Naples community join ATHOC to receive these updates. You can join ATHOC by following the guide below.

Fastest Solution The Alternative Option
  • Email the following information to
  • Last Name, First Name, M.I.
  • Assigned Command/Agency
  • Duty Location
  • Scheduled Rotation/Departure Date
  • List of ALL emails (duty & personal) that you would like to receive notifications
  • List ALL landline phone numbers you would like to receive notifications at. *Required Format* 011- Country Code (+39 for Italy) - City Code - Local Number.
  • List ALL mobile numbers they would like to receive voice and text notifications, SMS required. *Required Format* 011- Country Code (+39 for Italy) - City Code - Local Number.

If you are no longer receiving ATHOC notifications and you are still stationed at NSA Naples, check your current information with EM department to see if it is just out of date.


The next time disaster strikes, you may not have much time to act.  Prepare NOW for a sudden emergency.  Learn how to protect yourself and cope with disaster by planning ahead.  This checklist will help you get started.  Discuss these ideas with your family, then prepare an emergency plan.  Post the plan where everyone will see it -- on the refrigerator or bulletin board.  For additional information about how to prepare for hazards in your community, contact the EMO or the American Red Cross Chapter.
  NSA Fire/Ambulance/Police
 On Base    911 
 DSN     626-4911/5911
 Off Base     081-568-4911/5911
 NSA Quarterdeck     081-568-5547
 US Consulate Naples     081-583-8111

Italian Authorities
 Fire     115
 Police     112
 Ambulance     118

Emergency Checklist
Coordinate with the Emergency Management Office or the American Red Cross.  First step is to
review this Web site.
  • Find out which disasters could occur in Naples.
  • Ask how to prepare for each disaster.
  • Ask how you would be warned of an emergency.
  • Learn your community's evacuation routes.
  • Ask about special assistance for elderly or disabled persons.
  • Ask your workplace about emergency plans.
  • Learn about emergency plans for your children's school or day care center.
To assist in this process, we have created checklists that are aimed at preparing your household and your command for emergency preparedness. You can find these checklists here:

Commander's EM Self-Assessment

Individual and Family's EM Self-Assessment

Don't forget to download and review our NSA Naples Emergency NEO Preparedness Guidebook here

Preparing an Emergency Plan
The following guidelines will help you create an emergency plan:
  • Meet with household members.
  • Discuss with children the dangers of fire, severe weather, earthquakes, and other emergencies.
  • Discuss how to respond to each disaster that could occur.
  • Discuss what to do about power outages and personal injuries.
  • Draw a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape routes from each room.
  • Learn how to turn off the water, gas, and electricity at main switches.
  • Post emergency telephone numbers near telephones.
  • Teach children how and when to call the base emergency numbers.
  • Instruct household members to turn on the radio for emergency information.
  • Teach children how to make long distance telephone calls.
  • Take a Basic First Aid and CPR Class
  • Keep family records in a water- and fire-proof container.
  • Pick one local friend or relative for family members to call if separated by disaster
  • Pick two meeting places two places near your home in case of a fire,
  • Two places outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home.

Preparing a Disaster Supplies Kit
  • A supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric can opener.
  • A change of clothing, raingear, and sturdy shoes.
  • Blankets or sleeping bags.
  • A first aid kit and prescription medications.
  • An extra pair of glasses.
  • A battery-powered radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries.
  • Credit cards and cash.
  • An extra set of car keys.
  • A list of family physicians.
  • Important family information; the style and serial number of medical devices, such as pacemakers.
  • Special items for infants, elderly, or disabled family members.
  • Assemble supplies you might need in an evacuation. For a more detailed supplies kit, click here:
Store water in sealed, unbreakable containers. Identify the storage date and replace every six months.

Preparing an Escape Plan
In a fire or other emergency, you may need to evacuate your house or apartment on a moment's 
notice.  You should be ready to get out fast. Here are some tips: 
  • Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor plan of your residence. Using a black or blue pen,
    show the location of doors, windows, stairways, and large furniture. Indicate the location of 
    emergency supplies (Disaster Supplies Kit), fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, collapsible
    ladders, first aid kits, and utility shutoff points.
  • Use a colored pen to draw a broken line charting at least two escape routes from each room. 
  • Finally, mark a place outside of the home where household members should meet in case of 
    fire.  Be sure to include important points outside, such as garages, patios, stairways, elevators,
    driveways, and porches.
  • If your home has more than two floors, use an additional sheet of paper.  Practice emergency
    evacuation drills with all household members at least two times each year.

Fire Safety Guidelines
Here are some additional guidelines of fire safety:
  • Plan two escape routes out of each room.
  • Teach family members to stay low to the ground when escaping from a fire.
  • Teach family members never to open doors that are hot.
  • In a fire, feel the bottom of the door with the palm of your hand.  DO NOT open if is hot.
  • Install smoke detectors. Clean and test smoke detectors once a month.
  • Change batteries at least once a year.
  • Keep a whistle in each bedroom to awaken household members in case of fire.
  • Check electrical outlets. Do not overload outlets. Purchase a fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type).
  • Have a collapsible ladder on each upper floor of your house.
  • Consider installing home sprinklers.

Home Hazard Hunt
In a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury and damage. Anything that can move, 
fall, break, or cause a fire is a potential hazard.
  • Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections.
  • Fasten shelves securely.
  • Place large, heavy objects on lower shelves.
  • Hang pictures and mirrors away from beds.
  • Brace overhead light fixtures.
  • Secure water heater.
  • Strap to wall studs.
  • Repair cracks in ceilings or foundations.
  • Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products away from heat sources.
  • Place oily polishing rags or waste in covered metal cans.
Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors, and gas vents.

Evacuation Procedures
If there is a need to evacuate, here are some tips:
  • Listen to a battery-powered radio for the location of emergency shelters.
  • Follow instructions of disaster officials.
  • Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
  • Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
  • Lock your home.
  • Use travel routes specified by disaster officials.
  • Shut off water, gas, and electricity, if instructed to do so.
  • Let others know when you left and where you are going.
Make arrangements for pets. Animals are not allowed in public shelters.

Evacuation Information*
Upon evacuation order, all noncombatant evacuees should proceed directly to the embarkation
points with their Neo Kits (see below). If unable to do so, proceed to the nearest assembly point. 
Assembly points serve only as gathering areas for further transportation to embarkation points.

Who is Eligible to Evacuate?
Priority designations to be followed: 
Category No.  Major Category     Minor Category
 Cat I  US Citizens with documentation  
 Cat II  Alien members of American families  
 Cat III Certain alien employees   
 Cat IV  Other aliens  
 Cat A    Pregnant women
 Cat B    Women with children
 Cat C    Aged and infirm
 Cat D    Unaccompanied women 18 years or over
 Cat E    Able-bodied males 18 years or over

Non-combatant Evacuation Order Kit (Neo Kit)
A Neo Kit is a folder you must maintain in your residence in case of emergencies and it should have the following important documents:
  • US Passport (important)
  • Personal Records (birth certificate, medical and immunization records, etc.)
  • Passports for all members
  • Sojourner's Permits
  • Housing Documents (inventory, housing contract, etc.)
  • Automobile Papers (bill of sale, registration, etc.)
  • Other Legal Documents (insurance policies, Powers-of-Attorneys, etc.)
  • Traveler's Checks or Other Forms of Currency
  • Copy of Neo Instruction and Local Map
  • Completed Noncombatant Information Card
  • Instructions to Dependents Upon Return to the U.S.** 

 * It is not the intent of the regulation to have the mandatory documents centrally located in a file or
    folder. However, their location must be known and readily accessible to non-combatants.

** Non-combatants should not expect the U.S. Government to house or care for them upon reaching
     CONUS (Continental USA).

Things to Do Before Leaving Residence
  • Turn of all lights and unplug all electrical appliances except refrigerators and freezers.
  • Do Not turn off the main switch.
  • Turn off all water faucets.
  • Close windows and shutters and lower the window blinds.
  • For families with pets, leave ample supply of food and water for pets.
  • Post an inventory of all household goods and personal effects in a prominent place in the kitchen.
  • If a family member will stay behind in Naples, keys to the family quarters should be left with him/her.
If all members of the family are to be evacuated, the quarters should be locked; keys tagged; and deposited

Automobile Issues
Vehicles should be deposited at designated points. Designated personnel will accept keys at the embarkation point.  If a family members stays behind, leave the keys and proof of ownership with him/her. If everyone is evacuating, keys should be tagged with the following information: license plate number; make,; color; year of vehicle; and location of vehicle.

Household Goods/POVs/Pets
Arrangements will be made to ship your goods and POVs at a later date, if the situation allows. Include an 
inventory of household goods and POV documentation in your evacuation kit, and accept that you may have to file a claim for reimbursement.  Pets will Not be transported, you must make your own arrangements.

Preparing an Emergency Car Kit
Here is a list of the things needed in an emergency car kit:
  • Let others know when you left and where you are going.
  • Battery powered radio and extra batteries
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Blanket
  • Booster cables
  • Fire extinguisher (5 lb., A-B-C type)
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Bottled water and non-perishable high energy foods, such as granola bars, raisins and peanut butter.
  • Maps
  • Shovel
  • Tire repair kit and pump
  • Flares

Disaster Kit

Disasters can happen anytime and anywhere. And when disaster strikes, you may not have much time to respond.  A highway spill or hazardous material could mean evacuation. 

A winter storm could confine your family at home. An earthquake, flood, tornado, or anyother disaster 
could cut water, electricity, and telephones for days.  After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the scene, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it may take days.  Would your family be prepared to cope with the emergency until help arrives?

Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes. One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster hits, you won't have time to shop or search for supplies. But if you have gathered supplies in advance, your family can endure an evacuation or home confinement.

Preparing Your Kit
Review the checklist below. Gather the supplies that are listed. You may need them if your family is confined at home. Place the supplies you would most likely need for an evacuation in an easy-to-carry container. These supplies are listed with an asterisk (*). There are six basics you should stock for your home: water, food, first aid supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies, and special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to carry container. The suggested items are marked with an asterisk(*). Possible containers include: A large, covered trash container; a camping backpack, a duffle bag.
Storing Water
Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using containers that will decompose 
or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two 
quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. 
Children, nursing mothers, and ill people will need more. Store one gallon of water per person per day. 
Keep at least a three-day supply of water per day (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for each person 
in your household for food preparation/sanitation).*

Storing Food
Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration, prep-
aration or cooking, and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact and lightweight.

*Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit: Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, 
and vegetables
Preparing a First Aid Kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit* should include:
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)
  • Sunscreen
  • 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • Non-prescription drugs
  • 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Needle
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue blades (2)
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Non-Prescription Drugs - Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever; Anti-diarrhea medication; Antacid (for stomach upset); Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center); Laxative; and Activated charcoal (use if advised by the  Poison Control Center)
Preparing Tools and Supplies
  • Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic utensils*
  • Emergency preparedness manual*
  • Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
  • Flashlight and extra batteries*
  • Cash or traveler's checks, change*
  • Non-electric can opener, utility knife*
  • Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type
  • Tube tent
  • Pliers
  • Tape
  • Compass
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Aluminum foil
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Signal flare
  • Paper, pencil
  • Needles, thread
  • Medicine dropper
  • Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
  • Whistle
  • Plastic sheeting
  • Map of the area (for locating shelters)
Preparing Sanitation Supplies
  • Toilet paper, towelettes* 
  • Soap, liquid detergent* 
  • Feminine supplies* 
  • Personal hygiene items* 
  • Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
  • Plastic bucket with tight lid
  • Disinfectant
  • Household chlorine bleach
Preparing Clothing and Bedding
  • Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person
  • Sturdy shoes or work boots*
  • Rain gear*
  • Blankets or sleeping bags*
  • Hat and gloves
  • Thermal underwear
  • Sunglasses
Preparing Special Items
Remember family members with special requirements, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons:
  • For Baby* - Formula; Diapers; Bottles; Powdered milk; and Medications
  • For Adults* - Heart and high blood pressure medication; Insulin; Prescription drugs; Denture needs; Contact lenses and supplies;and Extra eye glasses
  • Entertainment - Games and books
Keeping Important Family Documents
Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container:
  • Military/DOD identification cards
  • Visa, sojourner's permit
  • Birth certificate, naturalization papers
  • Dependent care certificate
  • Household goods inventory, POV documents
  • Wills, powers of attorney, insurance policies, contracts deeds, stocks and bonds
  • Passports, social security cards, immunization records
  • Bank account numbers and credit card account numbers and companies
  • Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
  • Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
Storing your Disaster Supplies Kit
  • Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members.
  • Keep a smaller version of the Disaster Supplies Kit in the trunk of your car.
  • Keep items in airtight plastic bags.
  • Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh.
  • Replace your stored food every six months.
  • Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year.
  • Replace batteries, update clothes, etc.
Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications.


Although it may seem safe to stay at home and wait out a disaster, doing so could be very dangerous. For example, the rock debris from an exploding volcano can break windows and set buildings on fire. Stay safe. Follow authorities' instructions and leave the area.

Evacuation Information
Upon evacuation order, all noncombatant evacuees should proceed directly to the embarkation points with their Neo Kits (see below). If unable to do so, proceed to the nearest assembly point. Assembly points serve only as gathering areas for further transportation to embarkation points.

Who is Eligible to Evacuate?
Priority designations to be followed:
Category No. Major Category Minor Category
Cat I US Citizens with documentation  
Cat II Alien members of American families  
Cat III Certain alien employees  
Cat IV Other aliens  
Cat A   Pregnant women
Cat B   Women with children
Cat C   Aged and infirm
Cat D   Unaccompanied women 18 years or over
Cat E   Able-bodied males 18 years or over
Noncombatant Evacuation Order Kit (Neo Kit)
A Neo Kit is a folder you must maintain in your residence in case of emergencies and it should have the following important documents:
  • US Passport (important)
  • Personal Records (birth certificate, medical and immunization records, etc.)
  • Passports for all members
  • Sojourner's Permits
  • Housing Documents (inventory, housing contract, etc.)
  • Automobile Papers (bill of sale, registration, etc.)
  • Other Legal Documents (insurance policies, powers-of-attorneys, etc.)
  • Traveler's Checks or Other Forms of Currency
  • Copy of Neo Instruction and Local Map
  • Completed Noncombatant Information Card
  • Instructions to Dependents Upon Return to the U.S.**

*It is not the intent of the regulation to have the mandatory documents centrally located in a file 
or folder. However, their location must be known and readily accessible to noncombatants.

**Noncombatants should not expect the U.S. Government to house or care for them upon 
reaching CONUS (Continental USA).

Automobile Issues
  • Vehicles should be deposited at designated points. Designated personnel will accept keys at the embarkation point.
  • If a family members stays behind, leave the keys and proof of ownership with him/her.
  • If everyone is evacuating, keys should be tagged with the following information: license plate number; make,; color; year of vehicle; and location of vehicle.

Household Goods/POVs/Pets
Arrangements will be made to ship your goods and POVs at a later date, if the situation allows. Include an inventory of household goods and POV documentation in your evacuation kit, and accept that you may have to file a claim for reimbursement. Pets will NOT be transported, you must make your own arrangements. For more details on evacuation precautions and procedures, go to the "Emergency Preparedness" tab.

Steps to be Taken During an Eruption
Follow the evacuation order issued by authorities. Avoid areas downwind of the volcano. If caught indoors:
  • Close all windows, doors, and dampers.
  • Put all machinery inside a garage or barn.
  • Bring animals and livestock into closed shelters. 

If trapped outdoors:
  • Seek shelter indoors.
  • Avoid low-lying area where poisonous gases can collect and flash floods can be most dangerous.
  • If caught in a rockfall, roll into a ball to protect head.
  • If caught near a stream, beware of mudflows. Protect yourself: Wear long sleeved shirts and pants.
  • Use goggles to protect eyes.
  • Use a dust-mask or hold a damp cloth over face to help breathing. Keep car or truck engines off. Stay out of the area. A lateral blast of a volcano can travel many miles from the mountain. Trying to watch an erupting volcano is a deadly idea.
Watching Out for Mudflows
Mudflows are powerful "rivers" of mud that can move faster than people can walk or run. Mudflows occur when rain falls through ash-carrying clouds or when rivers are damed during an eruption. They are most dangerous close to stream channels. When you approach a bridge, first look upstream. If a mud-flow is approaching or moving beneath the bridge, do not cross the bridge. The power of the mudflow can destroy a bridge very quickly.

Steps to be Taken After an Eruption
Listen to a battery-powered radio or television for the latest emergency information. Stay away from volcanic ashfall. When outside:
  • Cover your mouth and nose. A number of victims of the Mount St. Helens volcano died from inhaling ash. Wear goggles to protect your eyes.
  • Keep skin covered to avoid irritation or burns. If you have a respiratory ailment, avoid contact with any amount of ash.
  • Stay indoors until local health officials advise it is safe to go outside.
  • Avoid driving in heavy ashfall. Driving will stir up more ash that can clog engines and stall vehicles.
  • Clear roofs of ashfall. Ashfall is very heavy and can cause buildings to collapse.
  • Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance--infants, elderly people, and people with disabilities.

Also refer to the "Emergency Preparedness" tab for additional precautionary steps.


Non-combatant Evacuation Operations (NEOs) are conducted to evacuate civilian noncombatants and 
non-essential military personnel from locations in a foreign (host) nation during time of endangerment to 
a designated safehaven. 

NEOs are normally conducted to evacuate United States (US) citizens whose lives are in danger from a hostile environment or natural disaster. NEOs may also include the evacuation of US military personnel and dependents, selected citizens of the host nation (HN), and third country nationals.
Required Forms:
  • ID Card
  • Passport
  • NEO Registration (NEO Census Form) (Replaces Evacuee Database Information Form)
  • DD Form 1337 (for military)
  • DD Form 2461 (for civilians)
  • DD Form 1701 (or other HHG record)
  • DA Form 4986 (or other HHG record)
  • DOD Form 2585
  • Copy of Vehicle Registration (Replaces Vehicle Control Form)

Family Plan

Disaster can strike quickly and without warning. It can force you to evacuate your neighborhood or confine you to your home. What would you do if basic services like water, gas, electricity or telephones were cut off?

Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone right away.  Families can cope with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team.

Report your status by telephone to your chain of command or in person to your parco coordinator. It is important for them to have an accurate picture of the situation as soon as possible after the event. If you are at home and you know you must report to your duty station, do so immediately.  The road and telephone systems will quickly become clogged with panic. Otherwise, do not report to duty unless specifically told to do so.

Follow the steps listed here to create your family's disaster plan. Knowing what to do is your best protection and your responsibility. The information on this page is similar to the Emergency Preparedness Page but this plan is specifically made for families.
Steps to Safety
  • Contact your local Red Cross chapter or the EMO and be prepared to take notes.
  • Ask what types of disasters are most likely to happen. Request information on how to prepare for each.
  • Learn about your community's warning signals: what they sound like and what you should do when you hear them.
  • Ask about animal care after a disaster. Animals are NOT allowed inside emergency shelters because of health regulations.
  • Find out how to help elderly or disabled persons, if needed.
  • Find out about the disaster plans at your workplace, your children's school or day care center, and other places where your family spends time.
Create a Disaster Plan
  • Meet with your family and discuss why you need to prepare for disaster. Explain the dangers of fire, severe weather, and earthquakes to children. Plan to share responsibilities and work together as a team.
  • Discuss the types of disasters that are most likely to happen. Explain what to do in each case.
  • Pick two places to meet: Right outside your home in case of a sudden emergency, like a fire OR outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home.
  • Everyone must know the address and phone number.
  • Ask an out-of-state friend to be your "family contact."
  • After a disaster, it is often easier to call long distance.
  • Other family members should call this person and tell them where they are. Everyone must know your contact's phone number.
  • Discuss what to do in an evacuation. Plan how to take care of your pets.
Completing the Checklist
  • Post emergency telephone numbers by phones (fire, police, ambulance, etc.).
  • Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1 or your local Emergency Medical Services number for emergency help.
  • Get training from the fire department for each family member on how to use the fire extinguisher (ABC type), and show them where it's kept.
  • Install smoke detectors on each level of your home, especially near bedrooms.
  • Conduct a home hazard hunt.
  • Stock emergency supplies and assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit.
  • Take a Red Cross first aid and CPR class.
  • Determine the best escape routes from your home.
  • Find two ways out of each room.
  • Find the safe places in your home for each type of disaster.
Practice and Maintain Your Plan
  • Quiz your kids every six months or so.
  • Conduct proper fire and emergency evacuation.
  • Replace stored water and food every six months.
  • Test/recharge your fire extinguisher/s according to the manufacturer's proper instructions.
  • Test your smoke detectors monthly and charge the batteries at least once a year.

The EMO has prepared a survival kit for kids. You can invite your kids to click the teddy bear icon and let them be aware of disaster preparedness. The page is kid-friendly.

Neighbors Helping Neighbors
Working with neighbors can save lives and property. Meet with your neighbors to plan how the neighborhood could work together after a disaster until help arrives. If you are a member of a neighborhood organization, such as a home association, introduce disaster preparedness as a new activity. Know your neighbors' special skills (e.g., medical, technical) and consider how you could help neighbors who have special needs, such as disabled and elderly persons.  Make plans for child care in case parents cannot get home.
Home Hazard Hunt
During a disaster, ordinary objects in your home can cause injury or damage. Anything that can move, fall, break, or cause a fire is a home hazard. For example, a hot water heater or a bookshelf can fall. Inspect your home at least once a year and fix potential hazards. Contact your local fire department to learn about home fire hazards.
  • Evacuate immediately if told to do so.
  • Listen to your battery-powered radio and follow the instructions of local emergency officials. Tune to AFN FM 106. AFN TV, channel 2 on Base, channel 18 off Base. 
  • Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
  • Take your Disaster Supplies Kit.
  • Lock your home.
  • Use travel routes specified by local authorities--don't use shortcuts because certain areas may be impassable or dangerous.
  • Shut off water, gas, and electricity before leaving, if instructed to do so.
  • Make arrangements for your pets.
  • Keep enough supplies in your home to meet your needs for at least three days.
  • Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit with items you may need in an evacuation. Store these supplies in sturdy, easy-to-carry containers such as backpacks, duffle bags, or covered trash containers.
  • A three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day) and food that won't spoil.
  • One change of clothing and footwear per person, and one blanket or sleeping bag per person.
  • A first aid kit that includes your all of your family's prescription medications.
  • Emergency tools including a battery-powered radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries.
  • An extra set of car keys and a credit card, cash or traveler's checks.
  • Sanitation supplies.
  • Special items for infant, elderly, or disabled family members.
  • An extra pair of glasses.
  • Keep important family documents in a waterproof container.
  • Keep a smaller kit in the trunk of your car.
Getting to Know Utilities
Locate the main electric fuse box, water service main, and natural gas main. Learn how and when to turn these utilities off. Teach all responsible family members. Keep necessary tools near gas and water shut-off valves.  Remember, turn ff the utilities only if you suspect the lines are damaged or if you are instructed to do so. If you turn the gas off, you will need a professional to turn it back on.
If Disaster Strikes
  • Remain calm and patient. Put your plan into action.
  • Check for injuries.
  • Give first aid and get help for serious injuries that people may have.
  • Listen to your battery powered radio for news and instructions.
  • Evacuate, if advised to do so.
  • Wear protective clothing and sturdy shoes.
  • Use flashlights. Do not light matches or turn on electrical switches, if you suspect damage.
  • Sniff for gas leaks, starting at the water heater.
  • If you smell gas or suspect a leak, turn off the main gas valve, professional to turn gas back on.
  • Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, and other flammable liquids immediately.
  • Confine or secure your pets.
  • Call your family contact--do not use the telephone again unless it is a life-threatening emergency.
  • Check on your neighbors, especially elderly or disabled persons.
  • Make sure you have an adequate water supply in case service is cut off.
  • Stay away from downed power lines.

Pets Disaster Plan

IDs and Licenses
Make sure your service animals and pets have I.D. tags with both your home telephone number and that of your primary out-of-town contact person. Make sure your animal's license is current.

Animal Care
Plan how your pets will be cared for if you have to evacuate. Pets, in contrast to service animals, are usually not allowed in emergency shelters due to health regulations, so have some animal shelters identified! Contact your DPO, local Red Cross chapter and the base veterinarian for guidance.
Establish relationships with other animal owners in your neighborhood. In case you are not home, there will be someone to help your animal.

Alternate Mobility Cues
Pets and service animals may become confused, panicked, frightened or disoriented in and after a disaster: keep them confined or securely leashed or harnessed. A leash/harness is an important item for managing a nervous or upset animal. Be prepared to use alternative ways to negotiate your environment.
Service Animals Earthquake Kit (for 7 days)
Pack supplies in a pack that your animal can carry in case you need to evacuate. This kit should include: Bowl for water and food, food, blanket for bedding, plastic bags and paper towels for disposing of feces, a favorite toy, extra harness.
The Disaster Preparedness Office is currently gathering the best advice and resources available to help you prepare and respond to the emergency needs of your animals, whether you are responsible for caring for one or ten. And we will provide tips on how you can support organizations that care for animals in the wild or those which have been separated from their owners due to emergencies; we will also offer tips on how you can make a difference in such situations when you are on your own.
If you are aware of useful information about animals and emergencies be sure to share it with us by clicking the email link below. If you know of an animal-related World Wide Web site with emergency preparedness/response information, please let us know.
For more information on disaster preparedness on pets, please contact the DPO staff.


Kits for Kids

You may have to leave your house during a disaster and may sleep somewhere else for a while. It is smart to put together your own Kid’s Activity Survival Kit so you will have things to do and share with other kids. These can all be stored in a backpack or duffel bag. Just make sure you can carry it easily.
Some suggested items for the Kids Activity Survival Kit:

  • A factual book about earthquakes, hurricanes and tornadoes, rain, storms, floods and fires
  • A children's earthquake book, book about storms, a few favorite general books which encourage comfort
  • A few of your favorite books
  • Non-toxic marking pens, crayons, pencils, and plenty of paper
  • Scissors and glue
  • Manipulative toys such as LEGOS
  • 2 favorite small toys, at least 1 doll and 1 action figure
  • 1 or 2 board games, table puzzles
  • Favorite stuffed animal or puppet
  • Small play vehicles such as an ambulance, fire truck, helicopter, dump truck, police car, tractor with blade
  • Small people figures to use with the trucks and emergency vehicles
  • Favorite blanket and/or pillow
  • Picture of the family, including pets, write names on the back
  • "Keep safe" box with a few treasures of little things your child feels are special

Note to Parents:
During evacuation, the MWR Director will provide certified child care personnel at each embarkation point to assist parents with supervision of their children.

Parents need to make sure to have at least three phone numbers of the nearest Next of Kin in the United States.  This information should be given and kept on file with the school and CDC.

Parents should train their children to know the full name of the parents and the rest of the family members in the United States.



Earthquakes strike suddenly, without warning. Earthquakes can occur at any time of the year and at any time of the day or night. On a yearly basis, 70 to 75 damaging earthquakes occur throughout the world.

Mount Vesuvius is the most active volcano in mainland Europe and it has erupted more than 50 times since the time of the Romans. Mount Vesuvius is most noted for its eruption in 79 A.D in which Pompeii was buried under 20 feet of ash and pebbles and Herculaneum was buried under 60 feet of volcanic debris. In the Naples area, ancient volcanoes pose ominous threats to the city and surrounding areas. 

Solfatara, located in Pozzuoli, is another ancient and active volcano. The Island of Ischia, located in the Bay of Naples is famous as a resort because of its hot baths. These baths are heated by an active volcano. Pozzuoli experiences Bradyseismic effect or the rising and lowering of the earth's crust due to pressure caused by the magma beneath the earth. In the 1980s, the city experienced an earthquake leaving numerous people dead and hundreds of thousands homeless. Take note that volcanic eruption causes earth-quakes.

What Are Earthquakes and What Causes Them?
An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the Earth caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the Earth's surface. For hundreds of millions of years, the forces of plate tectonics have shaped the Earth as the huge plates that form the Earth's surface move slowly over, under, and past each other. Sometimes the movement is gradual. At other times, the plates are locked together, unable to release the accumulating energy. 

When the accumulated energy grows strong enough, the plates break free causing the ground to shake. Most earth-quakes occur at the boundaries where the plates meet; however, some earthquakes occur in the middle of plates.

Ground shaking from earthquakes can collapse buildings and bridges; disrupt gas, electric, and phone service; and sometimes trigger landslides, avalanches, flash floods, fires, and huge, destructive ocean waves (tsunamis).

Buildings with foundations resting on unconsolidated landfill and other unstable soil, and trailers and homes not tied to their foundations are at risk because they can be shaken off their mountings during an earthquake. When an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause deaths and injuries and extensive property damage.

Where earthquakes have occurred in the past, they will happen again. Learn whether earthquakes are a risk in your area by contacting the EMO, American Red Cross chapter, the country's geological survey, or the department of natural resources.

Expect Aftershocks After Earthquakes
Aftershocks are smaller earthquakes that follow the main shock and can cause further damage to weakened buildings.  Aftershocks can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. Be aware that some earth-quakes are actually foreshocks, and a larger earthquake might occur. Ground movement during an earthquake is seldom the direct cause of death or injury. 

Most earthquake related injuries result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects as a result of the ground shaking, or people trying to move more than a few feet during the shaking. Much of the damage in earthquakes is predictable and preventable. We must all work together in our communities to apply our knowledge to building codes, retrofitting programs, hazard hunts, and neighborhood and family emergency plans.

Preparing for an Earthquake
Develop a Family Disaster Plan. Develop earthquake-specific planning. Learn about earthquake risk in your area. Contact the EMO, American Red Cross chapter, the country's geological survey, or department of natural resources for historical information and earthquake preparedness for your area.

Pick "safe places" in each room of your home. A safe place could be under a sturdy table or desk or against an interior wall away from windows, bookcases, or tall furniture that could fall on you. The shorter the distance to move to safety, the less likely you will be injured.

Injury statistics show that persons moving more than 10 feet during an earthquake's shaking are most likely to experience injury. Practice drop, cover, and hold-on in each safe place. Drop under a sturdy desk or table, hold on, and protect your eyes by pressing your face against your arm. 

Practicing will make these actions an automatic response.  When an earthquake or other disaster occurs, many people hesitate, trying to remember what they are supposed to do.  Responding quickly and automatically may help protect you from injury.

Practice drop, cover, and hold-on at least twice a year.  Frequent practice will help reinforce safe behavior. Talk with your insurance agent. Different areas have different requirements for earthquake protection. Study locations of active faults, and if you are at risk, consider purchasing earthquake insurance.

Inform guests, babysitters, and caregivers of your plan.  Everyone in your home should know what to do if an earth-quake occurs. Assure yourself that others will respond properly even if you are not at home during the earthquake.

Get training. Take a first aid class from your local Red Cross Chapter. Get training on how to use a fire extinguisher from your local fire department. Keep your training current. Training will help you to keep calm and know what to do when an earthquake occurs.

Discuss earthquakes with your family. Everyone should know what to do in case all family members are not together. Discussing earthquakes ahead of time helps reduce fear and anxiety and lets everyone know how to respond.

Printable Earthquake Information


Earthquake Precautions

Find safe places in every room of your home or if in school, in the classroom. Look for safe places inside and outside of other buildings where you spend time. The shorter the distance you have to travel when the ground shakes, the safer you will be. Earthquakes can happen anytime and anywhere, so be prepared wherever you go.
Earthquake precautions are divided into the following subtopics:
Precautions to be Taken During an Earthquake
  • If you are indoors during an earthquake, drop, cover, and hold on. Get under a desk, table or bench. Hold on to one of the legs and cover your eyes. If there's no table or desk nearby, sit down against an interior wall. An interior wall is less likely to collapse than a wall on the outside shell of the building.
  • Pick a safe place where things will not fall on you, away from windows, bookcases, or tall, heavy furniture.
  • It is dangerous to run outside when an earthquake happens because bricks, roofing, and other materials may fall from buildings during and immediately following earthquakes, injuring persons near the building.
  • Wait in your safe place until the shaking stops, then check to see if you are hurt. You will be better able to help others if you take care of yourself first, then check the people around you.
  • Move carefully and watch out for things that have fallen or broken, creating hazards. Be ready for additional earthquakes called "aftershocks."
  • Be on the lookout for fires. Fire is the most common earthquake related hazard, due to broken gas lines, damaged electrical lines or appliances, and previously contained fires or sparks being released.
  • If you must leave a building after the shaking stops, use the stairs, not the elevator. Earthquakes can cause fire alarms and fire sprinklers to go off. You will not be certain whether there is a real threat of fire. As a precaution, use the stairs.
  • If you are outside in an earthquake, stay outside. Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and power lines. Crouch down and cover your head. Many injuries occur within 10 feet of the entrance to buildings. Bricks, roofing, and other materials can fall from buildings, injuring persons nearby. Trees, streetlights, and power lines may also fall, causing damage or injury.
  • Assemble a Disaster Supplies Kit. Please see the "Disaster Kit" section for general supplies kit information.
  • Earthquake-specific supplies should include the following: A flashlight and sturdy shoes by each person's bedside; Disaster Supplies Kit; and an Evacuation Supply Kit.
How to Protect Your Property
  • Bolt bookcases, china cabinets, and other tall furniture to wall studs. Brace or anchor high or top-heavy objects. During an earthquake, these items can fall over, causing damage or injury.
  • Secure items that might fall (televisions, books, computers, etc.). Falling items can cause damage or injury.
  • Install strong latches or bolts on cabinets. The contents of cabinets can shift during the shaking of an earthquake. Latches will prevent cabinets from flying open and contents from falling out.
  • Move large or heavy objects and fragile items (glass or china) to lower shelves. There will be less damage and less chance of injury if these items are on lower shelves.
  • Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low, closed cabinets with latches. Latches will help keep contents of cabinets inside.
  • Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches, on bottom shelves. Chemical products will be less likely to create hazardous situations from lower, confined locations.
  • Hang heavy items, such as pictures and mirrors, away from beds, couches, and anywhere people sit. Earthquakes can knock things off walls, causing damage or injury.
  • Brace overhead light fixtures. During earthquakes, overhead light fixtures are the most common items to fall, causing damage or injury.
  • Strap the water heater to wall studs. The water heater may be your best source of drinkable water following an earthquake. Protect it from damage and leaks.
  • Bolt down any gas appliances. After an earthquake, broken gas lines frequently create fire hazards.
  • Install flexible pipe fittings to avoid gas or water leaks. Flexible fittings will be less likely to break.
  • Repair any deep cracks in ceilings or foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects. Earthquakes can turn cracks into ruptures and make smaller problems bigger.
  • Check to see if your house is bolted to its foundation. Homes bolted to their foundations are less likely to be severely damaged during earthquakes. Homes that are not bolted have been known to slide off their foundations, and many have been destroyed because they are uninhabitable.
  • Consider having your building evaluated by a professional structural design engineer. Ask about home repair and strengthening tips for exterior features, such as porches, front and back decks, sliding glass doors, canopies, carports, and garage doors. Learn about additional ways you can protect your home. A professional can give you advice on how to reduce potential damage.
Immediate Things to Do During an Earthquake
  • Drop, cover, and hold on! Move only a few steps to a nearby safe place. Most injured persons in earthquakes move more than five feet during the shaking. It is very dangerous to try to leave a building during an earthquake because objects can fall on you. Many fatalities occur when people run outside of buildings, only to be killed by falling debris from collapsing walls
  • If you are in bed, hold on and stay there, protecting your head with a pillow. You are less likely to be injured staying where you are. Broken glass on the floor has caused injury to those who have rolled to the floor or tried to get to doorways.
  • If you are outdoors, find a clear spot away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and power lines. Drop to the ground and stay there until the shaking stops. Injuries can occur from falling trees, street-lights and power lines, or building debris.
  • If you are in a vehicle, pull over to a clear location, stop and stay there with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking has stopped. Trees, power lines, poles, street signs, and other overhead items may fall during earthquakes. Stopping will help reduce your risk, and a hard-topped vehicle will help protect you from flying or falling objects. Once the shaking has stopped, proceed with caution. Avoid bridges or ramps that might have been damaged by the quake.
  • Stay indoors until the shaking stops and you are sure it is safe to exit. More injuries happen when people move during the shaking of an earthquake. After the shaking has stopped, if you go outside, move quickly away from the building to prevent injury from falling debris.
  • Stay away from windows. Windows can shatter with such force that you can be injured several feet away.
  • In a high-rise building, expect the fire alarms and sprinklers to go off during a quake. Earthquakes frequently cause fire alarm and fire sprinkler systems to go off even if there is no fire. Check for and extinguish small fires, and, if exiting, use the stairs.
  • If you are in a coastal area, move to higher ground. Tsunamis are often created by earthquakes.
  • If you are in a mountainous area or near unstable slopes or cliffs, be alert for falling rocks and other debris that could be loosened by the earthquake. Landslides commonly happen after earthquakes.
What to Do After an Earthquake
  • Check yourself for injuries. Often people tend to others without checking their own injuries. You will be better able to care for others if you are not injured or if you have received first aid for your injuries.
  • Protect yourself from further danger by putting on long pants, a long-sleeved shirt, sturdy shoes, and work gloves. This will protect you from further injury by broken objects.
  • After you have taken care of yourself, help injured or trapped persons. If you have it in your area, base emergency, then give first aid when appropriate. Don't try to move seriously injured people unless they are in immediate danger of further injury.
  • Look for and extinguish small fires. Eliminate fire hazards. Putting out small fires quickly, using available resources, will prevent them from spreading. Fire is the most common hazard following earthquakes. Fires followed the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 for three days, creating more damage than the earthquake.
  • Leave the gas on at the main valve, unless you smell gas or think it's leaking. It may be weeks or months before professionals can turn gas back on using the correct procedures. Explosions have caused injury and death when homeowners have improperly turned their gas back on by themselves.
  • Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline, or other flammable liquids immediately. Avoid the hazard of a chemical emergency.
  • Open closet and cabinet doors cautiously. Contents may have shifted during the shaking of an earthquake and could fall, creating further damage or injury.
  • Inspect your home for damage. Get everyone out if your home is unsafe. Aftershocks following earthquakes can cause further damage to unstable buildings. If your home has experienced damage, get out before aftershocks happen.
  • Help neighbors who may require special assistance. Elderly people and people with disabilities may require additional assistance. People who care for them or who have large families may need additional assistance in emergency situations.
  • Listen to a portable, battery-operated radio (or television) for updated emergency information and instructions. If the electricity is out, this may be your main source of information. Local radio and local officials provide the most appropriate advice for your particular situation.
  • Expect aftershocks. Each time you feel one, drop, cover, and hold on! Aftershocks frequently occur minutes, days, weeks, and even months following an earthquake.
  • Watch out for fallen power lines or broken gas lines, and stay out of damaged areas. Hazards caused by earthquakes are often difficult to see, and you could be easily injured.
  • Stay out of damaged buildings. If you are away from home, return only when authorities say it is safe. Damaged buildings may be destroyed by aftershocks following the main quake.
  • Use battery-powered lanterns or flashlights to inspect your home. Kerosene lanterns, torches, candles, and matches may tip over or ignite flammables inside.
  • Inspect the entire length of chimneys carefully for damage. Unnoticed damage could lead to fire or injury from falling debris during an aftershock. Cracks in chimneys can be the cause of a fire years later.
  • Take pictures of the damage, both to the house and its contents, for insurance claims.
  • Avoid smoking inside buildings. Smoking in confined areas can cause fires.
  • When entering buildings, use extreme caution. Building damage may have occurred where you least expect it. Carefully watch every step you take. Examine walls, floor, doors, staircases, and windows to make sure that the building is not in danger of collapsing.
  • Check for gas leaks. If you smell gas or hear a blowing or hissing noise, open a window and quickly leave the building. Turn off the gas, using the outside main valve if you can, and call the gas company from a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas for any reason, it must be turned back on by a professional.
  • Look for electrical system damage. If you see sparks or broken or frayed wires, or if you smell burning insulation, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker. If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician first for advice.
  • Check for sewage and water line damage. If you suspect sewage lines are damaged, avoid using the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and avoid using water from the tap. You can obtain safe water from undamaged water heaters or by melting ice cubes.
  • Watch for loose plaster, dry wall, and ceilings that could fall.
  • Use the telephone only to report life-threatening emergencies. Telephone lines are frequently overwhelmed in disaster situations. They need to be clear for emergency calls to get through.
  • Watch animals closely. Leash dogs and place them in a fenced yard. The behavior of pets may change dramatically after an earthquake. Normally quiet and friendly cats and dogs may become aggressive or defensive.


Flood waters can be extremely dangerous. The force of six inches of swiftly moving water can knock people off their feet. The best protection during a flood is to leave the area and go to shelter on higher ground. Flash flood waters move at very fast speeds and can roll boulders, tear out trees, destroy buildings, and obliterate bridges. Walls of water can reach heights of 10 to 20 feet and generally are accompanied by a deadly cargo of debris. 

The best response to any signs of flash flooding is to move immediately and quickly to higher ground. Cars can be easily swept away in just 2 feet of moving water. If flood waters rise around a vehicle, it should be abandoned.  Passengers should climb to higher ground.

Communities particularly at risk are those located in low-lying areas, near water, or downstream from a dam. Floods are the most common and widespread of all natural disasters, except fire. Most communities in Naples can experience some kind of flooding after spring rains or heavy thunderstorms.

Floods can be slow, or fast rising but generally develop over a period of days. Dam failures are potentially the worst flood events. A dam failure is usually the result of neglect, poor design, or structural damage caused by a major event such as an earthquake. When a dam fails, a gigantic quantity of water is suddenly let loose down-stream, destroying anything in its path.

Flash floods usually result from intense storms dropping large amounts of rain within a brief period. Flash floods occur with little or no warning and can reach full peak in only a few minutes.
Precautions to Be Taken
Find out if you live in a flood-prone area. Ask whether your property is above or below the flood stage water level and learn about the history of flooding for your region.  Learn flood warning signs and your community alert signals. Request information on preparing for floods and flash floods. Contact the EMO and the American Red Cross for a copy of the community flood evacuation plan.  This plan should include information on the safest routes to shelters. Individuals living in flash flood areas should have several alternative routes. Have disaster supplies on hand.  See the Disaster Kit page.
What to Do During a Flood
  • Listen to a battery-operated radio for the latest storm information. Fill bathtubs, sinks, and jugs indoors.
  • Bring outdoor belongings, such as patio furniture, indoors.
  • Move valuable household possessions to the upper floors or to safe ground if time permits.
  • If you are instructed to do so by local authorities, turn off all utilities at the main switch and close the main gas valve.
  • Be prepared to evacuate.
  • Get your preassembled emergency supplies. If told to leave, do so immediately.
  • If caught outdoors, climb to high ground and stay there. Avoid walking through any floodwaters.
  • If it is moving swiftly, even water six inches deep can sweep you off your feet.
  • If caught in a car, turn around if you come to a flooded area and go another way. If your car stalls, abandon it immediately and climb to higher ground.
  • Many deaths have resulted from attempts to move stalled vehicles.

Advice to Be Heeded During Evacuation
If advised to evacuate, do so immediately. Evacuation is much simpler and safer before flood waters become too deep for ordinary vehicles to drive through. Listen to a battery-operated radio for evacuation instructions. Follow recommended evacuation routes - shortcuts may be blocked. Leave early enough to avoid being marooned by flooded roads.
What to Do After the Flood
Flood dangers do not end when the water begins to recede.  Listen to a radio or television and don't return home until authorities indicate it is safe to do so. Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance like infants, elderly people, and people with disabilities. 
Other tips include:
  • Inspect foundations for cracks or other damage. Stay out of buildings if flood waters remain around the building.
  • When entering buildings, use extreme caution. Wear sturdy shoes and use battery-powered lanterns or flashlights when examining buildings.
  • Examine walls, floors, doors, and windows to make sure that the building is not in danger of collapsing.
  • Watch out for animals, especially poisonous snakes,
  • that may have come into your home with the flood waters. Use a stick to poke through debris.
  • Watch for loose plaster and ceilings that could fall.
  • Take pictures of the damage, both of the house and its contents for insurance claims.
  • Look for fire hazards. Broken or leaking gas lines; flooded electrical circuits; submerged furnaces or electrical appliances; and flammable or explosive materials coming from upstream.
  • Throw away food, including canned goods, that has come in contact with flood waters.
  • Pump out flooded basements gradually (about one-third of the water per day) to avoid structural damage.
  • Service damaged septic tanks, cesspools, pits, and leaking systems as soon as possible. Damaged sewage systems are health hazards.

How to Inspect Utilities in a Damaged Home
Check for gas leaks. If you smell gas or hear blowing or hissing noise, open a window and quickly leave the building.  Turn off the gas at the outside main valve if you can and call the gas company from a neighbor's home. If you turn off the gas for any reason, it must be turned back on by a professional.

Look for electrical system damage. If you see sparks or broken or frayed wires, or if you smell hot insulation, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker.  If you have to step in water to get to the fuse box or circuit breaker, call an electrician for advice.

Check for sewage and water lines damage. If you suspect sewage lines are damaged avoid using the toilets and call a plumber. If water pipes are damaged, contact the water company and avoid the water from the tap.  You can obtain safe water by melting ice cubes.



What is a Thunderstorm?
A thunderstorm is formed from a combination of moisture, rapidly rising warm air and a force capable of lifting air such as a warm and cold front, a sea breeze or a mountain. All thunderstorms contain lightning. Thunderstorms may occur singly, in clusters or in lines. 

Thus, it is possible for several thunderstorms to affect one location in the course of a few hours. Some of the most severe weather occurs when a single thunderstorm affects one location for an extended time.

Some thunderstorms can be seen approaching, while others hit without warning. It is important to learn and recognize the danger signs and to plan ahead. Learn the thunderstorm danger signs. Dark, towering, or threatening clouds.  Distant lightning and thunder. Because light travels much faster than sound, lightning flashes can be seen long before the resulting thunder is heard. 

Estimate the number of miles you are from a thunderstorm by counting the number of seconds between a flash of lightning and the next clap of thunder. Divide this number by five. You are in danger from lightning if you can hear thunder. Knowing how far away a storm is does not mean that you are in danger only when the storm is overhead.

A severe thunderstorm watch is issued when the weather conditions are such that a severe thunderstorm (damaging winds 58 miles per hour or more, or hail three-fourths of an inch in diameter or greater) is likely to develop. 

This is the time to locate a safe place in the home and tell family members to watch the sky and listen to the radio or television for more information and wait for the "all clear" by the authorities. 

Tornadoes are spawned by thunderstorms and flash flooding can occur with thunderstorms. When a "severe thunderstorm warning" is issued, review what actions to take under a "tornado warning" or a "flash flood warning." Develop an emergency communication plan in case family members are separated from one another during a thunderstorm. 

Please be aware of hail. Hail is produced by many strong thunderstorms. Hail can be smaller than a pea or as large as a softball and can be very destructive to plants and crops. In a hailstorm, take cover immediately. Pets and livestock are particularly vulnerable to hail, so bring animals into a shelter.
What is Lightning?
Lightning is an electrical discharge that results from the buildup of positive and negative charges within a thunderstorm. When the buildup becomes strong enough, lightning appears as a "bolt." This flash of light usually occurs within the clouds or between the clouds and the ground. 

A bolt of lightning reaches a temperature approaching 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit in a split second. The rapid heating and cooling of air near the lightning causes thunder. Thunderstorms can bring heavy rains (which can cause flash flooding), strong winds, hail, lightning and tornadoes. In a severe thunderstorm get inside a sturdy building and stay tuned to a battery-operated radio for weather information. Lightning is a major threat during a thunderstorm.
Precautions to Be Taken During Thunderstorms & Lightning
Have disaster supplies on hand. Consult the Disaster Supplies Kit page. Other precautions:
  • Check for hazards in the yard. Dead or rotting trees and branches can fall during a severe thunderstorm and cause injury and damage.
  • Make sure that all family members know how to respond after a thunderstorm.
  • Teach family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity and water.
  • Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1, police, fire department, and which radio station to tune for emergency information.

What to Do During a Thunderstorm
If caught indoors:
  • Secure outdoor objects such as lawn furniture that could blow away or cause damage or injury. Take light objects inside. Shutter windows securely and brace outside doors.
  • Listen to a battery operated radio or television for the latest storm information.
  • Do not handle any electrical equipment or telephones because lightning could follow the wire. Television sets are particularly dangerous at this time.
  • Avoid bathtubs, water faucets, and sinks because metal pipes can transmit electricity.
If caught outdoors:
  • Attempt to get into a building or car.
  • If no structure is available, get to an open space an squat low to the ground as quickly as possible.

If in the woods:
  • Find an area protected by low clump of trees - never stand underneath a single large tree in the open.
  • It is a myth that lightning never strikes twice in the same place. In fact, lightning will strike several times in the same place in the course of one discharge.
  • Be aware of the potential for flooding in low-lying areas.
  • Crouch with hands on knees.
  • Avoid tall structures such as towers, tall trees, fences, telephone lines, or power lines.
  • Stay away from natural lightning rods such as golf clubs, tractors, fishing rods, bicycles, or camping equipment.
  • Stay away from rivers, lakes, or other bodies of water.
  • If you are isolated in a level field or prairie and you feel your hair stand on end (which indicates that lightning is about to strike), bend forward, putting your hands on your knees. A position with feet together and crouching while removing all metal objects is recommended. Do not lie flat on the ground.
If caught in a car:
  • Pull safely onto the shoulder of the road away from any trees that could fall on the vehicle.
  • Stay in the car and turn on the emergency flashers until the heavy rains subside.
  • Avoid flooded roadways.
  • Drive only if necessary. Debris and washed-out roads may make driving dangerous.


Volcanic eruptions can be very dangerous. Aside from falling debris, floods, airborne ash, or noxious fumes can spread 100 miles or more. Since we live near known active volcanoes, it is very important to be ready to evacuate at a moment's notice.

Learn about your community warning systems. Be prepared for disasters that can be spawned by volcanoes such as earthquakes, flash floods, land-slides and mud-flows, thunderstorms and tsunamis.

Make evacuation plans. You want to get to high ground away from the eruption. Plan a route out and have a backup route in mind. Develop a way for an emergency communication plan.

In case family members are separated from one another during a volcanic eruption (a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school), have a plan for getting back together. Ask an out-of-state or - country relative or friend to serve as the "family contact." After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone knows the name, address, and phone number of the contact person.

Have disaster supplies on hand. 

Get a pair of goggles and a throw-away breathing mask for each member of the household. Contact the Emergency Management Office or American Red Cross Chapter for more information on volcanoes.


Volcanic Eruptions

Volcanic ash is rock that has been pulverized into dust or sand by volcanic activity. In very large eruptions, ash is accompanied by rocks having the weight and density of hailstones. Volcanic ash is hot near the volcano, but it is cool when it falls at greater distances. Ashfall blocks sun-light, reducing visibility and sometimes causing darkness.  Ashfall can be accompanied by lightning. Fresh volcanic ash is gritty, abrasive, sometimes corrosive, and always unpleasant. Although ash is not highly toxic, it can trouble infants, the elderly and those with respiratory ailments.  Small ash particles can abrade the front of the eye under windy and ashy conditions. Be careful, ash can abrade band jam machinery. It contaminates and clogs ventilation, water supplies and drains.

Ash also causes electrical short circuits, in transmission lines (especially when wet), in computers, and in micro-electronic devices. Power often goes out during and after ashfall. Long-term exposure to wet ash can corrode metal.  Ash accumulates like heavy snowfall, but does not melt.  The weight of ash can cause roofs to collapse. A one-inch layer of ash weighs 5-10 pounds per square foot when dry, but 10-15 pounds per square foot when wet. Wet ash is slippery. Ash resuspended by wind, and human activity can disrupt lives for months after an eruption.

The following topics discuss the guidelines in the event of a volcanic eruption
What To Do Before an Ashfall
  • Extra dust masks.
  • Enough non-perishable food for at least three days.
  • Enough drinking water for at least three days (one gallon per person per day).
  • Plastic wrap (to keep ash out of electronics).
  • First aid kit and regular medications.
  • Battery-operated radio with extra batteries.
  • Lanterns or flashlights with extra batteries.
  • Extra wood, if you have a fireplace or wood stove.
  • Extra blankets and warm clothing.
  • Cleaning supplies (broom, vacuum, shovels, etc.).
  • Small amount of extra cash (ATM machines may not be working).
What to Do With Children and Pets
  • Explain what a volcano is and what they should expect and do if ash falls.
  • Know your school's emergency plan.
  • Have quiet games and activities available.
  • Store extra food and drinking water.
  • Keep extra medicine on hand.
  • Keep your animals under cover, if possible.
What to Do With the Car
Any vehicle can be considered a movable, second home. Always carry a few items in your vehicle in case of delays, emergencies, or mechanical failures.
  • Dust masks and eye protection.
  • Blankets and extra clothing.
  • Emergency food and drinking water.
  • General emergency supplies: first aid kit, flashlight, fire extinguisher, took lit, flares, matches, survival manual, etc.
  • Waterproof tarp, heavy tow rope.
  • Extra air and oil filters, extra oil, windshield wiper blades and windshield washer fluid.
  • Cell phone with extra battery.
What To Do in Case of an Ashfall
Know in advance what to expect and how to deal with it; that will make it manageable.
  • In ashy areas, use dust masks and eye protection. If you don't have a dust mask, use a wet handkerchief.
  • As much as possible, keep ash out of buildings, machinery, air and water supplies, downspouts, stormdrains, etc.
  • Stay indoors to minimize exposure, especially if you have respiratory ailments.
  • Minimize travel, driving in ash is hazardous to you and your car.
  • Do not tie up the phone line with non-emergency calls.
  • Use your radio for information on the ashfall.
What To Do During and After an Ashfall
Secure your home and:
  • Close doors, windows and dampers. Place damp towels at door thresholds and other draft sources; tape drafty windows.
  • Dampen ash in yard and streets to reduce resuspension.
  • Put stoppers in the tops of your drainpipes (at the gutters).
  • Protect dust sensitive electronics.
  • Since most roofs cannot support more than four inches of wet ash, keep roofs free of thick accumulation. Once ashfall stops, sweep or shovel ash from roofs and gutters. Wear your dust mask and use precaution on ladders and roofs.
  • Remove outdoor clothing before entering a building.
  • Brush, shake and pre-soak ashy clothing before washing.
  • If there is ash in your water, let it settle and then use the clear water. In rare cases where there is a lot of ash in the water supply, do not use your dishwasher or washing machine.
  • You may eat vegetables form the garden, but wash them first.
  • Dust often using vacuum attachments rather than dust cloths, which may become abrasive.
  • Use battery operated radio to receive information.
  • Follow school's directions for care of children at school.
  • Keep children indoors; discourage active play in dusty settings. Dust masks do not fit well on small children.
  • Keep pets indoors. If pets go out, brush or vacuum them before letting them indoors.
  • Make sure livestock have clean food and water.
  • Discourage active play in dusty settings.
  • If possible, do not drive; ash is harmful to vehicles.
  • If you must drive, drive slowly, use headlights, and use ample windshield washer fluid.
  • Change oil, oil filters, and airfilters frequently (every 50 to 100 miles in heavy dust, i.e., less than 50 feet visibility; every 500 to 1,000 miles in light dust.
  • Do not drive without an air filter. If you cannot change the air filter, clean it by blowing air through from the inside out.
  • If car stalls or brakes fail, push car to the side of the road to avoid collisions. Stay with your car.
What To Do During Cleanup Period
Minimize driving and other activities that resuspend ash.
  • Remove as much ash as you can from frequently used areas. Clean from the top down. Wear a dust mask.
  • Prior to sweeping, dampen ash to ease removal. Be careful to not wash ash into drainpipes, sewers, storm drains, etc.
  • Use water sparingly. Widespread use of water for clean-up may deplete public water supply.
  • Maintain protection for dust-sensitive items (e.g., computers, machinery) until the environment is really ash-free.
  • Seek advice from public officials regarding disposal of volcanic ash in your community.
  • Wet ash can be slippery. Use caution when climbing on ladders and roofs.
  • Establish childcare to assist parents involved in cleanup.

Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvio, or Mount Vesuvius, is one of the most famous volcanoes to exist on earth. In 79 AD, Vesuvius made its first deadly spew and reduced the bustling Pompeii and Ercolano into ashes. In geological terms, Vesuvio is particularly “versatile”, its activity ranging from Hawaiian-style emission of very liquid lava, fountaining and lava lakes, over Strombolian and Vulcanian activity to violently explosive, Plinian events that produce pyroclastic flows and surges.

The following article on Mount Vesuvius is courtesy of Boris Behncke's,:
"Italy's Volcanoes: The Cradle of Volcanology" Web site.

The interesting aspect of Vesuvio's eminence among Earth's volcanoes is the dense population surrounding it and its climb to higher slopes every year. Half a million people live in a near-continuous belt of towns and villages around the volcano, in the zone immediately threatened by future eruptions. 

The situation is still more peculiar as Vesuvio is not the only volcano looming above that area and its people - there is, on the other side of the city of Napoli (Naples), the caldera of Campi Flegrei, renowned for some cataclysmic ash-flow forming eruptions in the all-too-recent geologic past and signs of unrest during the past three decades. 

There is also the historically active volcanic complex of Ischia, not threatening to Vesuvio inhabitants but to those on Ischia island itself. To be able to complete this ensemble of geologic hazards, the area forms the nucleus of a much vaster zone that is seismically vulnerable; its most recent disastrous earthquake, on 23 November 1980, killed more than 3,000 people.

Amidst an enchanting landscape with beautiful islands, magnificent mountain ranges, marvellous coasts and historically famed cities, Vesuvio is the focal point, lying in the center of a plain in the Gulf of Napoli. It's steepness, the abrupt way it rises from its placid surroundings, that render it so impressive. It is the imagination of how that thing must have looked like when it was erupting and how it must have been to those living close to it that give it such a feel of power.
The last eruption was in 1944. Since then, the population in the immediate surroundings has had a very great increase. Take the bus up to the “quota mille” (the terminus that is 1000 meters elevation on the historically active cone) from Ercolano or Torre del Greco, and for the first 25 minutes, you don't get out of the sea of houses. Upwards, the homes get more and more luxurious, accompanied by tens and more tens of hotels and pensioni. 

After being stricken by the massive way the volcano dominates that area, the second surprise is how green it is. Reforestation has been carried out vigorously in the 50 plus years since the most recent eruption. Even the lava flow of 1944 on the caldera floor of Atrio del Cavallo, still barren in most places and still a distinct reminder of the volcano's potential, carries small trees that have appeared only during the past few years. Small trees are even beginning to grow within the crater, and parts of the crater rim have a cover of green grass.
Preparing for the Next Eruption
Preventing a disaster of such dimensions that would baffle all imagination depends essentially on the occurrence of premonitory phenomena, their correct interpretation, timely warnings and evacuations. The latter steps in turn depend heavily on contingency planning and smooth and accurate communication between scientists, authorities, and the public. The issue of mitigating volcanic desasters has been widely publicized in the past decade, and there have been major achievements which resulted in successful warnings and evacuations at Pinatubo in 1991 and Rabaul in 1994. 

In the case of Mount Vesuvio, the issue seems to be more complex, though. First, Vesuvio is far more densely populated than any other volcano on Earth, and the area around it is a major economic and cultural center. Second, communication in an emergency situation would involve many more, and possibly in part counter-acting, groups of people than in the cases named above, as well as the media.

Starting with premonitory phenomena, there seems to be a certain likelihood that an imminent eruption could be foreseen and be warned of. The major historical eruptions of Mount Vesuvio have been preceded by increased seismicity and other phenomena which, given the updated and sophisticated monitoring equipment now installed on the volcano, would surely be well registered. However, not all such "premonitory phenomena" are necessarily followed by eruptive activity. It would therefore be difficult for the scientists monitoring such phenomena to decide whether they are genuine forerunners of eruption or not. Certainly, the extreme danger from any eruption at Mount Vesuvio would justify an alarm even in the case of doubt. However, a false alarm and evacuation without an eruption would have severe consequences, first regarding the credibility of the volcanologists (and authorities), and second, socioeconomic.

The disruption of business and social life and the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people for a period of undetermined duration would probably cause ravaging controversies all across the country. Worse, in the case of another alarm, maybe only a few years after the first, false one, volcanologists would encounter much more difficulty to convince the authorities, which in turn would encounter similar problems convincing the public. In other words, would anyone leave after a false alarm?
The same question applies, though, for the case of a warning without a preceding false alarm. Logistically, the evacuation of at least 600,000 people would be a problem almost impossible to solve even in an industrialized country like Italy. A plan prepared recently by a special commission, contingency plan, inother words, of scientists assumed that warning could be given up to 20 days before an eruption (see a news article taken from Nature). 

The commission further assumed that 600,000 people could be evacuated within a week, using trains and buses. Who ever has been in the Napoli area or has even only used trains or buses anywhere in Italy will probably imagine that this would be an extremely difficult task.



The following links are provided to help you stay informed about seismic and volcanic activity and find additional emergency preparation resources.
NSA Naples Emergency Management Facebook Page:
Italian Protezione Civile (Civil Protection) Website:
Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (Italian National Institute of Geophysics & Volcanology):
If you reside in the Campi Flegrei Red or Yellow Zones, please use this link to determine the closest Italian Authority's meeting point to your residence: Map of National Emergency Planning zones in the Phlegraean area | Dipartimento della Protezione Civile
U.S. Department of State's Smart Traveler Enrollment Program:
American Red Cross:

Below are additional links and resources to assist you in staying informed as a command and household.
Kits-Supplies-Gear 4 Disaster Survival
Pet emergency/disaster preparedness products.
CSU Disaster Cost Recovery Manual
The California State University, FEMA Disaster Assistance Program Disaster Documentation and Cost Recovery Manual provides guidance on reimbursement of disaster costs. 

Practical, straightforward advice for busy administrators. The Manual provides forms (time sheets, etc.) which facilitate sorting data necessary for FEMA Damage Survey Reports, and also provides guidance on contract preparation to comply with the requirements of Title 44 of the Federal Code of Regulations. Although the Manual was developed for use in the California State University system, much of the information is useful to others.
Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response
Association, International
The Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Response Association, International (DERA) was founded in 1962 to assist communities worldwide in disaster preparedness, response and recovery, and to serve as a professional association that links professionals, volunteers, and many organizations active in all phases of emergency preparedness and management.
Disaster Recovery Journal
The ten year old company has created a website devoted to the Disaster Response and Emergency Management industries. It contains various information, dealing with the selection of alternative sites to utilizing proper Disaster Response proceedures. Links to vendors are also available, as well as links to FEMA, NEMA, and many others. It also has an online journal called: DRJ E-ZINE.
Disaster Recovery Planning
DR Planning is designed to serve as a vendor-agnostic information clearinghouse for all things pertaining to disaster recovery and business continuity planning. It is hoped that the information provided will prove useful both to first time planners and experienced hands.
Discussion on Emergency Management System
This is a draft document being circulated for comment within British Columbia ministries having emergency response mandates. It was adapted from the State of California Standardized Emergency Management System.
Doctors Without Borders
Medecins sans Frontieres is a private, non-profit, international organization, whose objective is to provide medical aid to populations in crisis, without discrimination.
DRI International
DRI International (formerly the Disaster Recovery Institute) was founded in 1988 at Washington University in St. Louis. The purpose of the DRI is to create a base of common knowledge for the disaster recovery and business continuity planning filed through education, assistance, and the development of a resource base; to certify qualified individuals in the discipline; and to promote the credibility and professionalism of certified professionals.
EIIP Virtual Forum
The Emergency Information Infrastructure Partnership (EIIP) Virtual Forum is designed to encourage emergency professionals to explore the use of current information technology to support emergency management and disaster response.
Emergency Food and Shelter Program
The Emergency Food and Shelter National Board Program works as a public/private partnership to deliver money to your community that is spent according to how your community sees its own needs.
Emergency Management Explorer Post 493
Emergency Preparedness Information and the unit's activity schedule.
EPIX - Emergency Preparedness Information 
The purpose of EPIX is to facilitate the exchange of ideas and information among Canadian and international public and private sector organizations about the prevention of, preparation for, recovery from and/or mitigation of risk associated with natural and socio-technological disasters.
Emergency Response and Research Institute 
EmergencyNet News Service
EmergencyNet NEWS (ENN) is one of the nation's premier electronic news services that covers only 
Fire/Police/EMS/ Disaster/Medical/Military topics.
Food For The Hungry Virtual Learning Center
Food for the Hungry is the organization of Christian motivation, committed to working with poor people to overcome hunger and poverty through integrated self-development and relief.
Insurance Information Institute
For more than 30 years the I.I.I. has provided definitive, credible insurance information. Today the I.I.I. is recognized as a primary source of information, analysis and referral on property/casualty insurance. The site has information designed for both consumers and reporters.
Mennonite Disaster Service
Volunteers help clean-up and repair following natural disasters such as floods, fires, hurricanes and tornadoes. MDS cooperates closely with FEMA and the Red Cross in responding to disasters in North America.
National Mental Health Services
A Knowledge Exchange Network.
National Voluntary Organization Active in 
NVOAD coordinates planning efforts by many voluntary organizations responding to disaster. Member organizations provide more effective and less duplication in service by getting together before disasters strike. Once disasters occur, NVOAD or an affiliated state VOAD encourages members and other voluntary agencies to convene on site.
The American Civil Defense Association
"Since 1962, The American Civil Defense Association has been leading the way in disaster preparedness and public awareness. We have been serving the American community by bringing them important news concerning civil defense and disaster preparedness issues which may directly or indirectly affect their lives. 

Now, thanks to advanced networking technologies, we are able to send our message of "Peace Through Preparedness" across the planet." [Description taken from website]
Victoria State Emergency Services (Australia)



Below are some useful forms and references for emergency preparedness and guidance.

CDNS Registration Form
Business Impact Analysis
Personnel Accountability
Extraordinary Quarters Allowance Worksheet
Emergency Management Self- Assessment
Individual and Family Emergency Management Self- Assessment
Campania Region Earthquake Press Release
Are You Ready? An In-Depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness
Geological Hazards (Seismic Activity) Appendix
NSA Naples Earthquake Guidance
NSA Naples Emergency and Non- Combatant Evacuation Operations Guide (NEO)

Disaster Threats in Naples
Here in Naples, the threat of natural disasters, while unlikely, does exist.  Mount Vesuvius is the most active volcano in mainland Europe and it has erupted more than 50 times since the time of the Romans. Mount Vesuvius is most noted for its eruption in 79 A.D. in which Pompeii was buried under 20 feet of ash and pebbles and Herculaneum was buried under 60 feet of volcanic debris. The volcano last erupted in 1944 and volcanologists report that Vesuvius is in a fifty-year cycle between eruptions. Indications that another eruption will occur however do not exist at this time.

Aside from Mount Vesuvius, Naples is also potentially subject to earthquakes caused by faults in the nearby Apennine mountain range.

Pozzuoli experiences Bradyseismic effect, or the rising and lowering of the earth’s crust due to pressure caused by the magma beneath the earth.  In the 70’s, the earth's crust rose 5.5 feet in 3 years and a decade later, the area experienced an earthquake leaving numerous people dead and hundreds of thousands homeless.

Solfatara, also located in Pozzuoli, is an ancient yet active volcano.  The islands of Ischia and Procida, located in the Bay of Naples, are famous as resorts or tourist attractions because of its hot baths.  These baths are heated by an active volcano.  Campi Flegrei or the "Fields of Fire" is a huge volcanic caldera occupying an area from western Naples to the Tyrrhennian Sea.  During rainy season, Naples experiences heavy thunderstorms with the associated lightning, flash flooding and mudslides.
Local authorities monitor these sites closely and provide us with up to date information about threat levels. We use this information to keep our personnel informed.

The Role of the EMO

The Emergency Management Office is tasked to aid American military personnel and civilians in getting equipped and prepared for any type of disaster or emergency. We also notify personnel if indications exist of possible emergency situations.

Our program, the mandatory chemical, biological and radio-logical (CBR) defense course, has been expanded to include the preparedness training for natural disasters.  Civilians and family members are encouraged to join the training.  We also provide training and information to tenant commands, government parco coordinators and other groups. It is our goal to provide everyone in the Naples area with the information they need to cope with any type of disaster.

This Web site contains information on preparedness.  Information and materials of the EMO Web site is courtesy of Federal Emergency Management Agency or FEMA.

Contact EMO

For more details on disaster preparedness, you can join us in our trainings which are held regularly. Please drop by our office for the schedule or you can e-mail or call us. Contact information is listed below. If you have other questions or suggestions related to disaster preparedness, the EMO staff will be happy to assist you.

- The EMO Staff


Emergency Management Office
Basement, Air Terminal Bldg.
Naval Support Activity Naples
DSN: 314-626-5303
Commercial: +39-081-568-5303



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